留个胡子吧?5

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TOPIC:时尚;性别;外表;卫生;

场景:

外表:时尚;络腮胡;胡子;个性;自我表达;

健康:个人卫生;

性别&社会:男子气概;社会

【口语】时尚;外表装扮;自我;

【大作文+ 小作文】

 

Whether men choose to grow beards may also depend on the context in which they live. A 2016 study found that beards are more common in crowded cities where average incomes are lower. In this environment, where money is scarce and there is more competition for mates, men may feel they need to ramp up their masculinity. On the flip side, “when competition in the social environment is reduced and the need to signal dominance is of lessimportance, men may dialdown their masculinity through shaving or grooming their beards,”Dr. Dixson wrote in an email. Which may be why beards seem to be less common in the less populated suburbs.

男性是否选择留胡子也许还取决于他们所处的环境··|--。2016年的一项研究发现··|,在平均收入较低的拥挤城市··|,胡子更常见··|--。在这种环境下··|,资金缺乏··|,对伴侣的竞争更加激烈··|,男性可能觉得需要提升自己的男子气概··|--。另一方面··|,“当社会环境中的竞争减少··|,需要发出自己占主导地位的信号重要性降低时··|,男性也许会通过刮胡子或修剪胡子来减少阳刚之气··|,”迪克森在一封电子邮件中写道··|--。这也许就是为什么在人口不那么密集的郊区··|,胡子似乎不那么常见的原因··|--。

【大作文万用句式】

Whether … may also dependon ……是否…也许还取决于……··|--。

On the flip side, … 另一方面……【闻夕注】必须相反

【经典句式】

context环境;背景;上下文

crowded拥挤的

average income平均收入

scarce缺乏的

there is more competition for …对…的竞争更加激烈

mate伴侣;配偶

ramp up加强

masculinity男子气概

social environment社会环境

signal标志

dominance主导

be of less importance重要性降低

dial down减少

groom修剪

suburb郊区

【小作文数据表达】

A … study found that … aremore common in … where ……的一项研究发现··|,在…更常见··|--。

【犀利观点】胡子&环境:全段

 

Another factor that influences whether men decide to grow some stubble isthe frequency of beardedness around them. “When beardedness becomes too common, it is less attractive than when it is rare,”Dr. Dixson wrote. “This may explain why fashions and trends in beardedness fluctuate over time.”

影响男性是否决定留一些胡子的另一个因素··|,是周围出现留胡子的现象的频率··|--。“当留胡子变得太常见··|,就没有留胡子的现象罕见时那么有吸引力了··|,”迪克森写道··|--。“这也许解释了为什么留胡子的时尚和潮流会随着时间波动变化··|--。”

【大作文万用句式】

Another factor that influences whether …影响…是否…的另一个因素··|,是……

This may explain why …这也许解释了为什么……

【经典句式】

frequency频率

rare罕见的

fluctuate波动变化

over time随着时间

 

Christopher Oldstone-Moore, author of the2015 book “Of Beards and Men: The Revealing History of Facial Hair,” maintains that history morethan biology establishes meanings for facial hair. “I wonder if the positive effects of beards are a matter of the current cultural preference for beards, and perhaps theidea that bearded men are more mature, confident and reliable is because that is what we are tending to associate with beards these days,” Dr. Oldstone-Moore, a senior lecturer at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio, wrote in an email.“Whenever masculinity is redefined facial hairstyles change to suit.”

2015年的著作《关于胡子和男人:揭露真相的胡子历史》的作者克里斯托弗·奥德斯通-莫尔(ChristopherOldstone-Moore)坚持认为··|,历史生物学更多地证明了胡子的意义··|--。“我想知道胡子的积极作用是不是当前的胡子文化偏好问题··|,而认为有胡子的男人更加成熟、自信和可靠的观点··|,或许是因为这是我们现在倾向于和胡子联系在一起的特征··|,”在俄亥俄州代顿的莱特州立大学(Wright State University)担任高级讲师的奥德斯通-莫尔在电子邮件中写道··|--。“无论什么时候··|,只要男子气概的定义变了··|,胡须的样式就会相应地跟着有所改变··|--。”

【大作文万用句式】

… maintains that ……坚持认为…

… more than … establishes meanings for ……比…更多地证明了…的意义

… are a matter of …

And perhaps the idea that… is because …而认为…的观点或许是因为…

【经典句式】

positive effects积极作用

associate with联系

senior lecturer高级讲师

masculinity男子气概

redefine重新定义

suit适合


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